What are the Different Types
of bottled drinking water?
The FDA has established "Standards of Identity" for
bottled water sold in the U.S.
You will be surprised at the
number of types of bottled water available on the market
Generally, bottled water is categorized by the source of the
water as well as the method used to bottle it.
Water is usually sourced from two main categories: previously
disinfected water (like municipal water sources) or
non-disinfected water (like mineral, well or spring
water). If the water has not previously been treated, a bottler
will usually disinfect it using technologies that leave no
taste - like ozone or uv (ultra violet) technologies.
Water can then be further purified using various methods such
as reverse osmosis, distillation, ion exchange, carbon
absorption, filtration and so on.
Bottlers can then add elements to the water like electrolytes,
oxygen and minerals (hence, remineralization).
So, what are some of the different types of bottled drinnking
Usually from a hole tapped or constructed into the ground. The
source of the water is an unconfined underground aquifer.
Has carbon dioxide in the same amounts it had from the
It comes from a confined aquifer and the water level is above
the top of the aquifer. Pressure is applied by a layer of rock
or clay above the aquifer, which forces the water upwards. The
underground aquifer is usually a rock formation containing the
From underground with a pressure at least that of atmospheric
Contains at least 250 ppm total dissolved solids (TDS) like
calcium, potassium, sodium and magnesium at the source. It
comes from a protected underground water source and usually
comes from a spring. No minerals may be added to mineral
Comes from underground and the water flows naturally to the
One or more of many methods are used to demineralize the water.
It must meet the standards of "purified water" in the U.S.
Pharmacopoeia. It can come from a protected underground source
or a municipal water supply.
There you have it. These are only a few of the categories of
bottled drinking water, but they make up the vast majority of
what is marketed.
Benefits of bottled